ESSAY

Troubling Tarrifs/やっかいなアメリカの関税

Washing machine

Introduction

ZooとThoughts is created to motivate your learning of English. A language is not only vocabulary and grammar, it is also grown from culture. By learning about culture, the language becomes even less foreign because you are able to understand the nuances within the vocabulary and grammar. If you are in a conversation with someone and you are discussing a topic it is important to understand the words they are saying, the context in which they are saying them, and the culture that helped shape that opinion. That’s what this page is meant to do – help you understand on a deeper level.

こんにちは!今回はAimsがある英語記事を簡単にまとめてくれたので紹介しますね。英語で読んでみてわからなかったら訳を読んでください。英語で政治や経済を勉強しましょう!



Troubling Tarrifs/やっかいなアメリカの関税

Today I will sum up an article on Bloomberg View by Megan McArdle. It covers an interesting point of view about the recent tariff debates in the United States, specifically over solar panels and washing machines. The problem clearly stated is: by increasing tariffs on imported consumer goods like solar panels and washing machines, we are actually harming the workers who work in those industries domestically, consumers of these products, and ourselves in the race for clean energy which will lead to a better environment.

McArdle specifically focuses on washing machines. While most of the attention has been directed towards solar panels, McArdle argues that where consumers and businesses will feel the hit first is with washing machines. By increasing the tariff on washing machines, there’s an immediate effect on consumers because the price of the product goes up. Brands have already said that they will put the extra costs on consumers, so it’s not the brands paying the tariff, but the consumers in the end. As introductory economics shows, as the price goes up, demand will fall which means that retail companies that employ workers to sell these products will have less profit. And we all know too well by this point that the first thing a company does to save money and cut costs is to cut their workers. So now, maybe not immediately, but given a year maybe, as people buy less washing machines, there will be less workers needed to sell washing machines.

Finally, each year brands have been debuting new products that save both water and electricity which results in both savings for consumers on their utility bills as well as beneficial for the environment. As the brands have to deal with higher tariffs for exporting their goods, and less people buying the finished product, they too will have less incentive to create these better washing machines. Why make something if people aren’t going to be able to buy your product because of higher prices?

In summary, the new tariffs that the US is imposing on solar panels, washing machines, and most recently steel and aluminum, have a negative impact on consumers and workers in the US.

Reffering to : “Ode to a Washing Machine” on Bloomberg


Troubling Tarrifs/やっかいなアメリカの関税 訳

今日はブルームバーグのMegan McArdleの記事を要約しようと思います。アメリカでの最近の関税に関する議論です。特にソーラーパネルと洗濯機です。「ソーラーパネルと洗濯機の輸入する際の関税を引き上げたら、アメリカ国内の労働者や産業、消費者、環境を考えて生きている私たち自身に悪影響がでる」という問題です。

McArdleは特に洗濯機に注目しています。多くの人がソーラーパネルに注目する一方、最初に消費者とビジネスが打撃を受けるのは洗濯機だと言います。洗濯機の関税を上げることにより、商品の価格が上がり消費者は影響を受けます。企業は値上げをする方針で、負担は企業ではなく消費者にのしかかるようです。基礎の経済学でもわかるように、物価が上がれば需要が下がる。ということは、セールス部隊を抱えている小売会社は利益をあまり出せなくなる。ということは、会社がすることは、みなさんが知っているように、社員のクビ切りですね。すぐにではないかもしれませんが、一年後かもしれませんが、洗濯機は売れなくなります。洗濯機が売れなくなると、売る人も必要なくなりますね。

最後に、毎年企業はより水や電力を節約できる製品を開発しています。これは消費者にとっても出費を抑える事ができるし環境にもいいです。企業は輸出に際し高い関税の問題を抱える事になり売れなくなるので、企業としてもいいものを作る動機が失われます。値上げによって人々が製品を買えなくなるとしたら、意味あるのでしょうか?

つまり、アメリカがソーラーパネル、洗濯機、最近の鉄、アルミニウムに関税をかけようとしていますが、これはアメリカにとって悪影響です。

参考 : “Ode to a Washing Machine” on Bloomberg

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What Do You Want To Sum Up?

Hey guys! I hope you enjoyed that summary of the article. If you find an article that you’d like for me to read and sum up for you, I’d be more than happy to! I want to create a place where people can understand the world around them, and that includes economics. Have a great day!


Aims

訳者Takaのコメント: 洗濯機が高くなってしまうような政治判断は極めて危険です!洗濯機が高くなると優秀な政治家が出てきにくくなります、「今一度、アメリカを洗濯致し候」って言えるような。という冗談はさておき、ああ、もちろん、「今一度、日本を洗濯し候」という坂本龍馬の名言からのパロディですが、なんにせよ、経済の流れをわかっての政治判断なのか、感情が先行した短絡的な政治判断なのか、見えないところがあるなって思いました。みなさんはどう思いますか?今回はAimsがニュースを選び要約しました。読んでいただきありがとうございました。貴重なお時間を割いて読んでいただき本当に嬉しいです!– Zooと英語 Taka

ABOUT ME
Aims
Aims
Hello, I am Aims! I'm a native English speaker who is partnering with ZooToEigo in order to help you understand English. I look forward to us learning together. Please share ZooToEigo with your friends so we can grow our community!
%d人のブロガーが「いいね」をつけました。